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EU waste package in a nutshell - the legislative route

2000 brussels eu

The EU circular economy package is moving into the final phases of approval, following a meeting in Brussels.

EU ambassadors have endorsed the provisional agreement reached between the Estonian presidency and the European Parliament, meaning the legislation will now go to the European Parliament for approval and then to the Council for final adoption. It will enter into force 20 days after its publication in the Official Journal.

Member states agreed to the targets for the preparing for reuse and recycling of municipal waste by specific years. The targets are 55% by 2025; 60% by 2030; and 65% by 2035.

Specific targets for packaging will be as follows: Member states will have to set up, by 1 January 2025, separate collection for textiles and for hazardous waste from households. In addition, they have to ensure that by 31 December 2023, bio-waste  is either collected separately or recycled at source (e. g. home composting).


All packaging









Ferrous metals









Paper and cardboard



This is in addition to the separate collection which already exists for paper and cardboard, glass, metals and plastic. These targets will encourage the use of recyclable packaging and reusable packaging.

This package also establishes minimum requirements for all extended producer responsibility schemes. Producers of products under these schemes must bear responsibility for the management of the waste stage of their products. Producers will be required to pay a financial contribution for that purpose.

In addition, mandatory extended producer responsibility schemes for all packaging have also been introduced in Union legislation.

Landfilling of waste leads to pollution of surface water, groundwater, soil and air. Therefore, the legislation also contains a specific landfill reduction target. Member states shall endeavour to ensure that as of 2030, all waste suitable for recycling or other recovery, in particular in municipal waste, shall not be accepted in a landfill.

The only exception concerns waste for which landfilling delivers the best environmental outcome. In addition, member states will ensure that by 2035 the amount of municipal waste landfilled is reduced to 10% or less of the total amount of municipal waste generated.

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