The project, instigated by environmental charity Groundwork Birmingham and Solihull, is a collaborative effort with G&P Batteries and other partners including kerbside recycling charity Brumcan.
Batteries will be collected from ten points around Birmingham, including local primary schools. Regular collections will be made by G&P, who will take the batteries back to its headquarters in Darlaston for sorting and recycling.
G&P Batteries director Greg Clementson said: "The time is coming when sending batteries to landfill will not be an option and it is heartening to see the Midlands seizing the opportunity to recycle in such a positive way."
A bid has been submitted to the Waste and Resources Action Programme (WRAP) by Groundwork to fund a city-wide scheme. The hope is that if the scheme is successful it can be rolled out across the West Midlands, and eventually throughout the UK with the help of the Environment Agency and the National Industries Symbiosis Programme (NISP).