Errors in legislation drafting have led to new powers for councils to tackle people who throw rubbish from cars being delayed.
The Local Government Association (LGA) said that councils in London were to receive powers to use evidence from closed-circuit television and collected by traffic wardens to fine littering motorists.
However, a delay to the implementation of powers has left councils toothless. If such powers had been implemented in London local authorities across the country could be in line to receive the same powers.
LGA Environment Board chairman Paul Bettison said: Registered keepers of vehicles can be prosecuted for speeding unless details of the offender are given, so why not for littering? As the law stands, local authorities are effectively charged with tackling this anti-social behaviour with their hands tied behind their backs.
"Litter is environmental vandalism its unpleasant, unnecessary and unacceptable. Simple changes to the existing law would close the loopholes currently causing such confusion and inconsistency.