Until this year, the councils brown bins had been exclusively for green waste, with collections suspended over the winter months when residents had less garden waste to dispose of.
But the inclusion of food waste means the council will have sustained levels of organic material to collect.
Introducing the altered scheme, it has issued residents with bin day calendars explaining when their collections will be and detailing what can and cannot be put in their various recycling containers.
Cabinet member for leisure and direct services, councillor Alan Graves said: The calendars are provided so that people know which containers to put out each week. Im sure most people will be pleased that we will be collecting the brown recycling bins all year round from now on. They can put all sorts of food, including meat and fish, in these bins, which should result in a big increase in the amount of waste we recycle in Derby."