The European Commission has been warned that its 10-year economic plan could spell an end to sustainable development.
A powerful group of environmental action organisations has spoken out against the Lisbon Agenda in the build up to next month's Spring Summit.
In 2000 the Member States pledged to "make the EU the most competitive knowledge-based economy in the world by 2010".
A midterm review of this is expected at next month's conference, and the Green 9 have called for more stringent environmental frameworks to the strategy.
European Environmental Bureau (EEB) secretary general John Hontelez said: "The Lisbon agenda can drive us away from sustainable development. We need more consistency from this Commission.
"Sustainable development is not something for the future, it needs to be integrated into policies right now.
"This week it is proposing to mobilise market-based instruments for sustainable development. Great. But this should have been part of the proposals for the immediate future and firmly stated in the Lisbon Communication itself, aimed to shape the short-term economic policies of the Member States."
The Green 9 consists of BirdLife International, Climate Action Network Europe, European Environment Bureau, EPHA Environment Network, European Federation for Transport and Environment, Friends of the Earth Europe, Greenpeace, International Friends of Nature and WWF European Policy Office.
The organisations have called on the Spring Summit to agree concrete commitments and timetables for the introduction of measures including price incentives, fiscal reform, green public procurement and the abolishment of some subsidies.