A survey of 162 councils has found that 100 will not introduce pay-as-you-throw schemes.
The findings were revealed in research carried out by the Press Association.
But a Local Government Association spokesman said it was no surprise that councils considering financial incentive pilots would not reveal their plans in a survey with weeks still to go until the pilot application deadline.
He said councils were unlikely to reveal plans because any decisions taken would first have to go to a council members vote. He also said that only councils that were a confirmed no were likely to respond to this enquiry, while those considering it had no obligation to answer. Theres a need to regard due process if you, as a council, are taking part in what could be regarded as a controversial scheme, the spokesman said.
He said that negative press and close scrutiny meant that councils considering taking part would want to plan their news release.
But he said that councils should have the powers to bring in the schemes if they want to.
A London Councils spokesman said: We considered this issue done and dusted when we responded to the Governments consultation on incentives to recycle [in August 2007]. In our response we questioned how easy it would be to implement PAYT in London. Multiple occupancy homes and other issues make it difficult to run such a scheme precisely. So it was dismissed as unworkable. None of the London borough councils are considering the pilot as far as we know.