Seven out of the nine council projects up for round three Private Finance Initiative (PFI) cash will progress to the next stage, with the possibility that the final two will also move forward early next year. The two trailing projects are from the North London Waste Authority and Plymouth City Council working with Devon County Council and Torbay County Council. They must supply more information before the Government can make a decision. All nine applications were made to the Waste Infrastructure Delivery Programme (WIDP) run by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) by September 30 2007. Commenting on the seven successful projects environment minister Joan Ruddock said: Each of these projects plans to deliver major waste infrastructure to help reduce the amount of Englands waste ending up in landfill. This reduction is an essential part of the drive to tackle climate change and meet the UKs landfill targets. The authorities are: Norfolk County Council; Milton Keynes Council & Northamptonshire County Council; Gloucestershire County Council; Essex County Council & Southend Borough Council; Leicestershire County Council; Lincolnshire County Council; Staffordshire County Council. In the next stage these authorities must submit their Outline Business Cases (OBC) by April 30 2008. If approved, the schemes will be advertised in the Official Journal of the European Union in Autumn 2008. Applications for the next awards round must have recycling rates of at least 50% by 2020 and be submitted by March 31 2008.