The amount of steel scrap used as a raw material for steel-making worldwide in 2012 was unchanged at 570m tonnes, according to the Bureau of International Recycling (BIR).
The total is one of the key statistics announced by BIR during its latest meeting in Shanghai which coincided with the publication of the bureau’s fourth edition of World Steel Recycling in Figures.
The report’s main findings contained in this report, which covers the five-year period between 2008 and 2012, are:
- Global steel scrap use as a raw material for steel-making was unchanged at around 570m tonnes in 2012 although developments differed from country to country
- There was a decrease in China, the EU-27, Japan and Russia, and an increase in the USA and Turkey
- The proportion of steel scrap used in crude steel production fell from 37.3% to 36.8%, partly because of a 1.2% increase in world crude steel output
- Total external steel scrap trade reached 106.6m tonnes in 2012 (-1.9% compared to 2011), of which nearly 28% was attributable to inter-EU trade.
- An increase in Turkey’s overseas purchases to 22.4m tonnes in 2012 reinforced its position as the world’s leading importer
- There were substantially increased imports by the Republic of Korea and by India while China sharply reduced its imports
- The USA remained the world’s leading exporter of steel scrap with 21.4m tonnes despite a fall of around 12.2% over 2011
- Exports from the EU-27 increased around 2.1% to 19.2m tonnes
- Japan’s steel scrap exports jumped 57.9% to 8.5m tonnes
- Higher overseas shipments of steel scrap were also recorded by Russia (+7.6% to 4.3m tonnes)