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WRAP publishes EfW guide

A guide for businesses looking at developing smaller-scale energy from waste facilities (EfW) has been launched by WRAP.

WRAP said the guide provided information on issues and barriers for EfW plants including issues surrounding legislation; funding; planning and Environmental Permitting Regulations.


WRAP head of energy from waste Ian Wardle said: “The waste hierarchy emphasises the importance of preventing, re-using and recycling waste before recovering energy from it.

“However, not everything can be recycled and recovering energy from unavoidable residual waste may be preferable to landfill.”

“While it is still a developing industry, this suite of guidance will help to build knowledge of EfW and provide clear and concise information to those businesses that are exploring EfW as a treatment option.”

The guidance includes advice on:

  • Potential sources of funding: such as the Green Investment Bank, and the EDF Energy Green Fund
  • Planning: explaining the planning process including timescales, consultation requirements, and environmental impact assessments
  • Environmental Permitting Regulations: guidance on what the regulations are and what they mean for EfW facilities
  • Feedstock: issues that affect the accessibility, security and suitability of waste materials as fuel for EfW processes
  • EfW outputs and residues: how to manage energy outputs and residues including air pollution control residues and incinerator bottom ash
  • Waste Incineration Directive: the requirements of the Directive and the implications for waste wood biomass and smaller scale EfW
  • Financial incentives: explains the financial incentives currently available to support renewable energy installations.

The full suite of guidance can be found at

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