In accordance with Swedish regulations, all packaging sold that contain drinks ready for consumption must be included in an approved return system. The use of RVMs is therefore widespread.
Their management is governed by Returpack, a private company owned by retailers and breweries and backed by the Swedish government.
Shops pay a deposit on packaging and many have RVMs. Returpack collects deposited containers. The deposit is refunded to the store and the RVM supplier checks the number of containers that have passed through the machine every week.
Recently, Netherlands-based company Envipco Holding entered the Swedish RVM market, as the country plans to replace around 2,000 machines nearing the end of their useful lives over the next two years. Sweden achieves around a 90% plastic PET bottle and aluminium can recycling rate.