The standard rate of landfill tax has gone up to £84.40 per tonne, a rise in line with inflation, with the lower rate now £2.65.
The tax changes follow a Treasury decision to discontinue the £8 per year accelerator two years ago, which had taken the rate to £80 and had had a profound effect on switching the disposal of waste from landfill to other means, notably recovery methods.
Changes to the regulations are intended to ensure that less inappropriate material secures the lower rate.
Material sent to landfill will have to achieve a loss on ignition (LoI) test result of no more than 10% to qualify for the £2.65 rate. Previously the threshold was 15%.
Scotland now has the power to levy its own landfill tax – the first substantial independent taxation north of the border for 300 years . It is expected to match England’s rate and LoI rules are not due to kick in until October.
Wales is replacing the tax in 2018 with a landfill disposals tax.