China’s state council has committed the country to developing ‘cities without waste’.
The council, the equivalent of the cabinet, said these would be urban developments designed to minimise landfills and the environmental impact of solid waste “by promoting green development modes and lifestyles, reducing solid waste from the source and transforming them into resources”.
China has caused havoc in international markets by banning almost imports of material for recycling, of which the country had previously been a large consumer. It has said the Green Fence and National Sword policies will help to improve its environment.
Ten cities judged to have the necessary conditions will be selected for a pilot programme.
The state council said that, by 2020, an integrated management system and a technical system for the construction of cities without waste should be established, and significant progress should have been made in the pilot cities.
It also called for ‘green lifestyles’ to reduce household waste at source and transform this into resources.
Comprehensive safety control of hazardous waste should be strengthened, the state council added.