Luton Borough Council is considering introducing a compulsory recycling scheme, with fines for residents who do not comply.
The council is looking to raise its current recycling rate of about 35% to 50% so it can save an estimated £80,000 a year in landfill tax.
Housing and environment portfolio holder Tom Shaw said the council is looking to introduce larger recycling bins and smaller residual bins, as well as launching an educational programme aimed at children.
He told MRW: “The education programme will be done first, involving schools, summer fetes and everybody we can. We will warn everyone what is going to happen.
“If people still refuse to recycle, then we will start issuing notices. We are going to aim to make it compulsory but we want to do it the nice, friendly way first.”
Shaw added that the plans were still at “very early stages”, with the council still “putting costs together”.
“We are looking at putting a public consultation out soon, but most people we have heard from so far have been in support of it,” he said.
In 2011, the London Borough of Islington introduced its own compulsory scheme, where residents were issued with fixed penalty notices of £110 for not recycling.