The Welsh government is to spend £400,000 piloting a weekly dry recyclables and food waste kerbside collection scheme.
The trial, which will also include fortnightly residual waste collections and a further pick-up of recyclables including batteries and textiles, will run for 2,500 households in Merthyr Tydfil.
Environment minister John Griffiths said: “The Welsh Government has set out ambitious targets for recycling. We are working towards 70% recycling by 2025 and zero waste by 2050.
“The pilot I am announcing today will test whether this innovative kerbside sort method can help deliver 70% recycling in Merthyr.”